World War II Memorial

World War II Memorial September 2, 2020
Photo by gloria humphrey

Trenton’s World War II Memorial pays tribute to the greatest military victory for the United States. It was an effort in which every citizen contributed and had a stake in the outcome, both on the front lines and at home. The WWII Memorial unfolds around the overall theme of “Victory,” with three core ideas, which are analogous to the WWII Generation: Service, Duty and Sacrifice. The central sculptural element, named “Lady Victory” symbolically encompasses the greatness of this effort and the grace and courage of the WWII generation. Victory was the end goal and an image that was used to promote the war effort on posters, campaigns, events and news releases. Encircling Lady Victory are six service markers and two arcing story walls that represents the six branches of the military and the respective New Jersey Medal of Honor recipients. The story walls strive to communicate the war effort both at home and abroad in terms of technology, communication and New Jersey’s contribution with stories told by local veterans. Located along an outer circle are battle scenes from the Atlantic and Pacific theatres. An amphitheater with seat-walls allows for reflection and individual interpretive kiosks serve to broaden the visitor experience and understanding. The memorial is located across the street from the New Jersey Statehouse, 125 W. State St.

New Jersey State House

The New Jersey State House is located in Trenton and is the capitol building for the U.S. state of New Jersey. Built in 1790, it is the third-oldest state house in continuous legislative use in the United States; only the Maryland State Capitol in Annapolis and the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond are older. The building houses both chambers of the Legislature, as well as offices for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and several state government departments. The building is the closest capitol building to a state border of any state capitol, with the bridge to Pennsylvania being within walking distance a few blocks away.

The New Jersey State House is unusual among state capitol buildings in the United States, the majority of which are reminiscent of the US Capitol. The building consists of two parallel structures connected by the dome-capped rotunda, resembling the letter H, with its long arm parallel to State Street. A long portico wing, added by Notman and subsequently enlarged, extends west from the rotunda toward the Delaware River. To this portico, a number of architecturally dissimilar, unusually-shaped structures have been added. These structures have been the subject of subsequent renovations to blend them with the original wing. The State House is set not on a park-like campus, as are many state houses, rather it is integrated into an urban setting along historic State Street and is surrounded by other legislative buildings. The most scenic view of the building is from the west, near the Delaware River, and is the side dominated by the various additions. Viewed from State Street, the dome is scarcely visible and there is little sense of the scale or design of the building. The Governor’s office occupies the remaining portion of the original 1792 State House.

Construction on the New Jersey State House began in 1792 and was completed in 1911. It was designated a U.S. Historic District Contributing Property on August 27, 1976.

The Rittenhouse

The Rittenhouse Homestead
Photo by gloria humphrey

I happen to find this historical gem while cruising along Lincoln Dr on a beautiful day. After a few three point parallel parking attempts, I made my way through the town, which is filled with exquisite greenery, winding rapids and trails.

The Rittenhouse(Square) is adjoined to a neighborhood public park that is centered in the city of Philadelphia, PA, was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 14, 1981.

“At the heart of the thriving early industrial community known as Rittenhouse Town, the first paper mill in America was built.

It all began when, in 1687, papermaker William Rittenhouse followed other Quaker and Mennonite families emigrating to the newly formed neighborhood of Germantown (founded in 1683). William partnered with Philadelphia’s first printer, purchased a 20-acre plot of land along Paper Mill Run (a tributary of the Wissahickon Creek) and, with the help of his son Nicholas, built the first paper mill in British North America that otherwise could only be delivered from England. For the next 40 years, the Rittenhouse family were the only papermakers in America.”

St. Helena Chapel of Ease

St. Helena Chapel of Ease ruins

During the Colonial period, chapels of ease were constructed by rice and cotton planters as houses of worship because their plantations were located so far from the churches in Beaufort. This tabby walled church was constructed between 1742 and 1747 for the planters of St. Helena Island.

The church was virtually abandoned when the planters evacuated the island in the fall of 1861. During the Federal occupation of St. Helena, the church was used frequently by several of the Northerners who had come to the island to educate and train the freedmen. It was also used as a sanctuary by Methodist freedmen as early as 1868.

A forest fire destroyed most of it in 1886. All that remain today are its tabby ruins and an adjacent cemetery. They were added to the National Register of Historic Places on October 6, 1988.

The George Taylor House

“George Taylor was a Colonial ironmaster and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Pennsylvania. Today, his former home, the George Taylor House in Catasauqua, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, is a National Historic Landmark owned by the Borough of Catasauqua.” Wikipedia

George Taylor’s former House

The George Taylor house in Catasauqua, Lehigh County was built in 1768, it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1971.

Harriet Tubman

It was an honor to walk up to the statue of the great late Harriet Tubman while visiting Pennsylvania. Her life was a profound portrayal of triumph, despite the atrocity of wounds she endured.

Photo by gloria humphrey
Between 1850 and 1860, Tubman made 19 trips from the South to the North following the network known as the Underground Railroad. She guided more than 300 people, including her parents and several siblings, from slavery to freedom, earning the nickname “Moses” for her leadership.

“General Tubman” worked shoulder to shoulder with Colonel Montgomery as they led the “Combahee River Raid” just up the road a piece and along the waters that now flow under the only bridge in the world named in her honor.

The freed slaves were temporarily housed in the Baptist church, where Montgomery addressed them, and they responded by singing “There is a White Robe for Thee.”

Historic Mills & Bridges

I must admit I was oblivious to what I now know as The Glendale Cotton Mill. Just another nature preserve I said to myself as I wandered on my usual trail hike. However, there was something a little different about this one. The path alongside the river was like being in a course on agriculture before coming to a red iron bridge that crossed over the. creek.

Photo by Gloria Humphrey

For several thousand years, there was little human activity along the little waterway that was to eventually be known as Lawson’s Fork Creek. Hunting parties of Native American Indians passed over and around the area. There was an abundance of wildlife. The Indians lived lightly on the land. They left little to mark their thousands of years living in the Piedmont except an occasional stone arrowhead.

Photo by Gloria Humphrey
Lawson’s Fork Creek

 The area along the creek was part of a vast wilderness that changed little over the centuries until the coming of the Europeans. The first time that the creek was seen by one of the Europeans was about the year 1567, when a party of Spanish explorers under the command of Captain Juan Pardo passed nearby. This was the first contact with the Europeans but it was only the beginning. It started slowly at first. It was almost another 200 years, around 1750, before more Europeans came in any numbers to the area of the creek. In all this time, the area near what would eventually be called Lawson’s Fork Creek and the Pacolet River remained a perfect wilderness. These men brought their families and started to make settlements, changing the Piedmont forever.

The settlers worked hard to make a living and raise their crops, particularly corn. Some of the settlers built small water-powered mills using the creeks that provided a ready source of waterpower. It was during this time that Lawson’s Fork Creek got its name. By the year 1773, the use of the waterpower of Lawson’s Fork led to what we know today as Glendale.

Remnants of the 1830s-vintage Glendale Mill on Lawson's Fork Creek in Spartanburg, South Carolina
Photo by Gloria Humphrey
Remnants of the 1830s-vintage Glendale Mill on Lawson’s Fork Creek in Spartanburg, South Carolina

Glendale and its mill were not always known as Glendale. The story begins with Dr. James Bivings, who arrived in the Spartanburg area around 1830, bringing with him an entire crew of laborers. He started a cotton manufacturing company in 1831 and built the Bivingsville Mill and surrounding town of Bivingsville. His home, now known as the Bivings-Converse House, was situated on a bluff above the mill.

Old timers tell us that Dr. Bivings being a very religious man, on one occasion stopped the mill asking all employees to attend the revival which was being held in the village. Along with the mill plant, Dr. Bivings founded the village of Bivingsville which consisted of some 12 homes, a community church in which old timers said that school classes were taught during week days, along with a shop or two.  Mr. Bivings built two magnificent houses in Spartanburg County which stand today. First he built (about 1834-35) a magnificent two and one half story house located directly in front of the mill composed of twelve rooms and a full size basement. A huge fire place was located in every room. (Glendale History Website)

Photo by Gloria Humphrey